Verses Of Provisions For Fasting In Surah Al-Baqarah From The Book Al-Rawd Al-Murabba‘ By Al-Bahūtī : A Comparative Study With The Interpretations Of The Verses Of Provisions For Al-Jassās, Ilkia Al-Harāsī, And Ibn Al-‘Arābī

آيات أحكام الصيام في سورة البقرة من كتاب الروض المربع للبهوتي: دراسة مقارنة مع تفاسير آيات الأحكام للجصاص، وإلكيا الهراسي، وابن العربي

Authors

  • Faisal Abdullah Alosaimi Ph.D Student
  • Khaled Nabawi Suliaman Associate Professor

Keywords:

Rulings, Fasting, Verses, Hanbali, al-Quran

Abstract

The subject of the research results due to the absence of printed books - as far as I know - independent and specialized only in interpreting the verses of rulings in the Holy al-Quran in full according to the Hanbali denomination, similar to the interpretations of the verses of rulings by Jassās, Ibn al-‘Arābī, and Ilkia al-Harāsī. The fasting that Imām al-Bahūtī al-Hanbali deduced from Surah al-Baqarah, and compares it with the compilations of interpretations of verses of rulings approved by the owners of jurisprudential schools - Hanafi, Maliki, and Shafi‘i. The study found that the verses of the provisions of fasting in the book al-Rawd al-Murabba‘ from surah al-Baqarah, al-Bahūtī agreed with the three imams and the consensus of the nation sometimes, and two of them may agree and disagree with the third, or one of them agree and disagree with the two, and he may disagree with the three imams at other times, such as the issue of breaking the fast for the fasting person It is better than fasting for the one for whom fasting is not difficult, and this issue is one of the vocabulary of the Hanbali school of thought, and his approval of one of the imams and not others in some issues, all of this is in reference to the evidence from the book and The Sunnah, and one of the recommendations reached by the research is that the heritage of interpretations of rulings should be taken care of, by doing more studies and encyclopedias that are concerned with interpreting the verses of rulings on the Hanbali school, like the rest of the other schools of thought. Individual efforts and scientific institutions must be unified to do so.

ملخص البحث
موضوع البحث ناتج لعدم وجود كتب مطبوعة -فيما أعلم- مستقلة ومختصة فقط بتفسير آيات الأحكام في القرآن الكريم كاملا على المذهب الحنبلي على غرار تفاسير آيات الأحكام للجصاص، وابن العربي، وإلكيا الهراسي، فجاء هذا البحث معتمدا على المنهج الاستقرائي والتحليلي والمقارن، ويهدف لبيان أحكام الصيام التي استنبطها الإمام البهوتي الحنبلي من سورة البقرة، ويقارنها بمصنفات تفاسير آيات الأحكام المعتمدة من أصحاب المذاهب الفقهية –الحنفية، والمالكية، والشافعية-، ومن ثمَّ فقد برزت أهمية البحث إلى بيان أهمية كتاب الرَّوْض الـمُرْبِـع للبُهوتي كتفسير مستقل لتفسير آيات الأحكام على المذهب الحنبلي، وقد توصلت الدراسة إلى أن آيات أحكام الصيام في كتاب الروض المربع من سورة البقرة، قد وافق البهوتي فيها الأئمة الثلاثة وإجماع الأمة أحيانا، وقد يوافق اثنين منهما ويخالف الثالث، أو يوافق واحدا منهم ويخالف الاثنين، وقد يخالف الأئمة الثلاثة أحيانا أخرى،كمسألة الفطر للصائم أفضل من الصوم لمن لايشق عليه الصوم، وهذه المسألة من مفردات المذهب الحنبلي، وموافقته لأحد الأئمة دون غيره في بعض المسائل كل هذا احتكاما إلى الدليل من الكتاب والسنة، ومن التوصيات التي توصل إليها البحث أنه ينبغي العناية بتراث تفاسير الأحكام، وذلك بعمل المزيد من الدراسات، والموسوعات التي تعني بتفسير آيات الأحكام على المذهب الحنبلي، أسوة ببقية المذاهب الأخرى .ويجب توحيد الجهود الفردية والمؤسسات العلمية لعمل ذلك.

 

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Author Biographies

Faisal Abdullah Alosaimi, Ph.D Student

Department of AL-Qur’an and its Sciences, Faculty of Islamic  Sciences, Al-Madinah International University (MEDIU)

Khaled Nabawi Suliaman, Associate Professor

Department of AL-Qur’an and its Sciences, Faculty of Islamic  Sciences, Al-Madinah International University (MEDIU)

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Published

2022-07-01

How to Cite

Faisal Abdullah Alosaimi, & Khaled Nabawi Suliaman. (2022). Verses Of Provisions For Fasting In Surah Al-Baqarah From The Book Al-Rawd Al-Murabba‘ By Al-Bahūtī : A Comparative Study With The Interpretations Of The Verses Of Provisions For Al-Jassās, Ilkia Al-Harāsī, And Ibn Al-‘Arābī: آيات أحكام الصيام في سورة البقرة من كتاب الروض المربع للبهوتي: دراسة مقارنة مع تفاسير آيات الأحكام للجصاص، وإلكيا الهراسي، وابن العربي. Al-Qanatir: International Journal of Islamic Studies, 27(1), 133–157. Retrieved from http://al-qanatir.com/aq/article/view/496