The Jurisprudence Of ‘Ubayy Ibn Ka‘Ab In ‘Ibadah: Analytical Study

فقه الصحابي أُبي بن كعب رضي الله عنه في أحكام العبادات: دراسة تحليلية

  • Siddig Abdelrahman Mohamed Saeed Ph.D Student
  • Ameen Ahmed Abdullah Qasem Al-Nahari Senior Lecturer
  • Noor Naemah Abdul Rahman Associate Professor
Keywords: Companions, ‘Ubayy ibn Ka‘ab, Jurisprudence, Ruling, Purification

Abstract

The companion ‘Ubayy ibn Ka‘ab, may Allah be pleased with him, was from the major prophet’s companions, may Allah be pleased with them, was a pious worshipper, a master of the Qur’an reciters. Allah Almighty ordered His prophet, peace be upon Him, to read surat al-Bayyinah to ‘Ubayy ibn Ka’ab, and he was among the firmly established in knowledge. This research offers significance in presenting the knowledge of the prophet’s companions, may Allah be pleased with them, the favour they have had upon the Ummah, and may all sorts of goodness can be found in following them and all sorts of evil could be found in dishonouring or disrespecting them. This research is aimed to reveal the fiqh of the prophet’s companions, may Allah be pleased with them, and their deductions after the death of the prophet peace be upon Him. In the research, the researcher has used the induction method, as well as the analytical and comparative methods, by describing the agreements and disputes of ‘Ubayy ibn Ka‘ab with or against other companions or with the Imams of the four fiqh doctrines. The research concludes with some conclusions, according to which the companion ‘Ubayy ibn Ka‘ab belongs to the major jurists of the Sahabah, in reality their chief figure, reference and evidence, and that is because Allah and His Messenger have testified to his knowledge and comprehension of religion. The researcher dealt with introducing the companion ‘Ubayy ibn Ka‘ab and his scholarly position among the companions, and knowledge of his jurisprudence, may Allah be pleased with him, in the provision of purity, in the issues in which the jurisprudence of ‘Ubayy ibn Ka‘ab, may Allah be pleased with him, was well-known, and showing the value of his jurisprudence. The researcher concluded that the companion ‘Ubayy ibn Ka‘ab, may Allah be pleased with him, was one of the most truthful interpreters of Islamic jurisprudence. His fiqh had been described as having moderation, strength in using evidences, and good treatment of religious texts.

ملخص البحث

كان الصحابي أبي بن كعب رضي الله عنه من كبار الصحابة، فهو العابد الزاهد، وسيد القراء، وقد أمر الله تعالى نبيّه صلى الله عليه وسلم أن يقرأ عليه القرآن، وهو في العلم من الراسخين. وتبرز أهمية هذا البحث في إبراز علم الصحابة رضي الله عنهم وفضلهم على هذه الأمة، وأن الخير كل الخير في اتباعهم، والشر كل الشر في تنقصهم والنيل منهم. ويهدف البحث إلى معرفة فقه الصحابة واجتهاداتهم بعد وفاة الرسول صلى الله عليه وسلم. وقد اتبع الباحث في هذا البحث منهج الاستقراء، وأيضاً المنهج التحليلي، والمنهج المقارن بإظهار موافقات ومخالفات أبي بن كعب مع غيره من الصحابة رضي الله عنهم، أو مع غيره من أئمة المذاهب الأربعة. وتناول الباحث التعريف بالصحابي أبي بن كعب ومكانته العلمية بين الصحابة، ومعرفة فقهه رضي الله عنه في أحكام الطهارة، وذلك في المسائل التي أشتهر فيها فقه أبي بن كعب رضي الله عنه، وإظهار قيمت فقهه. وخُتم البحث ببعض النتائج، منها: أن الصحابي أبي بن كعب من كبار فقهاء الصحابة بل وإمامهم، ومرجعهم، وحجتهم، وذلك أن الله ورسوله قد شهدا له بالعلم والفقه في الدين. وتوصل الباحث إلى أن الصحابي أبي رضي الله عنه من أصدق المعبرين عن الفقه الإسلامي، وقد اتصفَ فقهه بالرصانة وقوة الاستدلال، وحسن التعامل مع النصوص الشرعية.

Author Biographies

Siddig Abdelrahman Mohamed Saeed , Ph.D Student

Department of Usul Fiqh, Academy of Islamic Studies, University of Malaya

Ameen Ahmed Abdullah Qasem Al-Nahari, Senior Lecturer

Department of Usul Fiqh, Academy of Islamic Studies, University of Malaya

Noor Naemah Abdul Rahman , Associate Professor

Department of Usul Fiqh, Academy of Islamic Studies, University of Malaya.

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Published
2021-04-04
How to Cite
Mohamed Saeed , S. A., Qasem Al-Nahari, A. A. A., & Abdul Rahman , N. N. (2021). The Jurisprudence Of ‘Ubayy Ibn Ka‘Ab In ‘Ibadah: Analytical Study. Al-Qanatir: International Journal of Islamic Studies, 22(1), 31-66. Retrieved from http://al-qanatir.com/index.php/aq/article/view/322