The Excesses Of Diplomatic Envoys In Light Of Sharia Policy: An Analytical Study

تجاوزات المبعوثين الدبلوماسيين في ضوء السياسة الشرعية: دراسة تحليلية

  • Faisal Altyib Ahmen Naji Ph.D Student
  • Amer Abdul Wahab Mahyoub Senior Lecturer
  • Bharuddin Che Pa Senior Lecturer
Keywords: Diplomatic, Envoy, Immunities, Privileges, Abuses

Abstract

International relations and agreements are mostly conducted through diplomatic missions and their envoys, and these have rights and duties and obligations. The Sharia policy had its own view of diplomats and dealing with them and differs from what was approved by positive laws. Abuses, therefore, the aim of this research is to clarify the importance of the position of the diplomatic envoy and the actions entrusted to it to consolidate international relations and open bridges of interdependence, while standing on the immunities and privileges that he is distinguished and supported throughout his diplomatic work in exchange for preventing harm to him and facilitating the performance of his role. This immunity and the privileges granted to him were for reasons and forms that made him fall into these violations, and Islamic law ruled on his transgressions and breaches according to the provisions of Sharia law, which differed from the positive law that established mechanisms and limits to limit these abuses and violations to control and limit the violations of diplomats. The researcher followed the descriptive and analytical approach to give a full description of the Sharia’s opinion regarding the diplomatic envoy’s violations and the proposed mechanisms to limit them, and through that the research concluded a set of results, represented in the following: that the duties and duties of the diplomatic envoy are to respect the sovereignty of the country to which he is dispatched and to adhere to the legitimate limits of his mission and not to violate them and to violate the laws. Approval of Islamic Sharia, the immunities and privileges that a diplomatic envoy enjoys in the event of his duties, and judicial immunity, through which a diplomatic envoy can escape and disavow his violations and abuses, was rejected from the proposed mechanisms that are in line with the Islamic Sharia system, which is the diplomatic envoy’s waiver of the immunity of its diplomats and his trial before the host country’s judiciary.

ملخص البحث

إن العلاقات الدولية والاتفاقيات تتم في أغلبها عن طريق البعثات الدبلوماسية ومبعوثيها وهؤلاء لهم حقوق وعليهم واجبات والتزامات. ولقد كان للسياسة الشرعية نظرتها الخاصّة للدّبلوماسيّين والتعامل معهم وتختلفُ عما أقَرَّتهُ القوانين الوضعية. ولم تغفل السياسة الشرعية عن تبيان المسلك في حالة تجاوزات المبعوثين الدبلوماسيين والآليات للحد من تلك التجاوزات. فقد هدف هذا البحث إلى توضيح أهمية مكانة المبعوث الدبلوماسي والأعمال الموكّل بها لتوطيد العلاقات الدولية وفتح جسور الترابط، مع الوقوف على الحصانات والامتيازات التي يمتاز بها ودعمته طوال عمله الدبلوماسي في مقابل منع الأذى عنه وتسهيل تأدية دوره، إلاّ أنّ المبعوث الدبلوماسي خرق وتجاوز هذه الحصانة والامتيازات الممنوحة له وكانت لأسباب وأشكال جعلته يقع في هذه المخالفات. والشريعة الإسلامية حكمت على تجاوزاته وخروقاته بحسب أحكام الشريعة والتي اختلفت عن القانون الوضعي الذي وضع آليات وحدود للحدّ من هذه التجاوزات والخروقات لضبط انتهاكات الدبلوماسيين والحد منها. واتبع الباحث المنهج الوصفي التحليلي لإعطاء وصف كامل لرأي الشرع في تجاوزات المبعوث الدبلوماسي والآليات المقترحة للحد منها. ومن خلال ذلك خلص البحث إلى مجموعة من النتائج، تمثلت في: أنّ مهام وواجبات المبعوث الدبلوماسي مراعاة سيادة الدولة المبعوث إليها والالتزام بالحدود المشروعة لمهمّته وعدم تجاوزاها وخرق للقوانين، إقرار الشّريعة الإسلامية الحصانات والامتيازات التي يتمتّع بها المبعوث الدبلوماسي حال أعماله، ورفضت الحصانة القضائيّة والتي يستطيع المبعوث الدبلوماسي من خلالها الهروب والتنصّل من مخالفاته وتجاوزاته، من الآليات المقترحة والتي تتماشى مع نظام الشريعة الإسلامية هو تنازل دولة المبعوث الدبلوماسي عن حصانة دبلوماسييها ومحاكمته أمام قضاء الدولة المستضيفة.

Author Biographies

Faisal Altyib Ahmen Naji, Ph.D Student

Department of Siasah Syar’iyyah, Academic of Islamic Studies, University of Malaya

Amer Abdul Wahab Mahyoub, Senior Lecturer

Department of Siasah Syar’iyyah, Academic of Islamic Studies, University of Malaya

Bharuddin Che Pa, Senior Lecturer

Department of Siasah Syar’iyyah, Academic of Islamic Studies, University of Malaya

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Published
2021-04-04
How to Cite
Ahmen Naji, F. A., Abdul Wahab Mahyoub, A., & Che Pa, B. (2021). The Excesses Of Diplomatic Envoys In Light Of Sharia Policy: An Analytical Study. Al-Qanatir: International Journal of Islamic Studies, 22(1), 67-84. Retrieved from http://al-qanatir.com/index.php/aq/article/view/325