Wakaf Unit Amanah: Sorotan Fatwa Semasa

Unit Trust Waqf: In The Light Of Contemporary Fatwa

  • Syahnaz Sulaiman Senior Lecturer
  • Aznan Hasan Senior Lecturer
  • Azman Mohd Noor Senior Lecturer
Keywords: Waqf, Unit Trusts, Fatwa, Islamic, Financial

Abstract

Waqf institutions have contributed significantly towards the advancement of ummah during the golden era of Islamic civilization. In line with rapid development of Islamic financial system throughout the world, unit trust has been identified as one of the financial instruments to have potential as waqf asset. Such approach is also supported by an efficient and professional manner in managing waqf assets. However, the concept of unit trust waqf is stil at an infancy stage that requires further in-depth study on its mechanism and implementation. This study conducts a review of literature with respect to the current fatawa (Islamic legal rulings) pertaining to unit trust waqf. The main objective of this study was achieved through content analysis of the classical and contemporary books as well as fatawa associated to financial instruments including unit trusts. The finding is expected to pave the way in generating some insight to waqf managers, regulators and fund managers in establishing a dynamic and viable unit trust waqf to be implemented in Malaysia.


Abstrak
Intitusi wakaf telah memberikan sumbangan yang penting terhadap kemajuan sosioekonomi ummah sepanjang era kegemilangan peradaban Islam. Sejajar dengan kepesatan pembangunan sistem kewangan Islam dunia, wakaf unit amanah dilihat mempunyai potensi untuk diketengahkan sebagai salah satu medium atau instrumen wakaf dalam masyarakat. Pendekatan seumpama ini turut disokong oleh  sistem pengurusan harta wakaf secara lebih cekap dan profesional. Walau bagaimanapun, konsep wakaf unit amanah masih berada di peringkat pengenalan di mana mekanisme dan strategi pelaksanaannya perlu diteroka dengan lebih mendalam. Kajian ini merupakan satu sorotan literatur berhubung dengan fatwa semasa berkaitan keabsahan wakaf unit amanah. Objektif utama kajian ini dicapai menerusi analisis kandungan kitab-kitab turath dan kontemporari serta fatwa-fatwa yang berkait rapat dengan instrumen kewangan termasuk unit amanah. Hasil dapatan kajian diharap dapat merintis kepada penghasilan input dan maklumat kepada pengurus wakaf, badan kawal selia dan pengurus dana berhubung dengan potensi untuk mewujudkan wakaf unit amanah di Malaysia bagi meluaskan amalan berwakaf secara lebih dinamik pada masa hadapan.

Author Biographies

Syahnaz Sulaiman, Senior Lecturer

Faculty of Economic and Muamalat, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia (USIM)

Aznan Hasan, Senior Lecturer

Institute of Islamic Banking and Finance, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM)

Azman Mohd Noor, Senior Lecturer

Institute of Islamic Banking and Finance, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM)

Published
2019-02-04
How to Cite
Sulaiman, S., Hasan, A., & Mohd Noor, A. (2019). Wakaf Unit Amanah: Sorotan Fatwa Semasa. Al-Qanatir: International Journal of Islamic Studies, 13(2). Retrieved from http://al-qanatir.com/index.php/qanatir/article/view/151