Method Of Prostrate For Those Who Are Unable To Perform It Due To Ill-Health Based According To Four School Of Fiqh

Kaedah Perlaksanaan Sujud Bagi Yang Tidak Mampu Melakukannya Bersebab Sakit Menurut Empat Mazhab Fiqh

  • Syed Muhammad Adib Termizi Ahmad Al Jafari Ph.D Holder
  • Sharifah Nadirah Nasibah Ahmad Al Jafari Ph.D Student
Keywords: Prayers, Bow, Worships, Faith, Illness

Abstract

Prayers are the pillars of religion that separates between those with faith and the non-believers. Allah Taala has ordered it to be executed under any circumstances. The Prophet Muhammad SAW explained how it should be implemented as God Almighty wanted. For those who cannot follow the original way in the implementation due to illness or feasibility of the place to conduct prayers, Islam, known for its compassionate nature provides leeway for this group by giving them the flexibility, relief and a certain way for them to endure the distress experienced. These group of people should follow the outline and path that the Prophet (peace be upon him) set out for their prayers and do not perform them according to their wishes. However, there are many versions done in performing prayer for those who are not able to bow and prostrate themselves in today's Islamic society. Therefore, this study seeks to see the correct way of performing prayers for those who are not able to bow and prostrate as outlined by syara’. The author will analyze the opinions of the four schools in this matter followed by discussing it and choosing a more vigilant opinion that is similar to the original way of performing the prayer. The results of the study found that the way in which syara’ has organized is more convenient for the community and suitable to be performed in congregation worship.

Abstrak 

Sembahyang adalah tiang agama dan pemisah di antara keimanan dan kekafiran. Allah Taala memerintahkan agar ia dilaksanakan dalam apa jua keadaan. Nabi Muhammad pula menerangkan cara perlaksanaannya sepertimana yang dikehendaki Allah Taala. Bagi mereka yang tidak dapat mengikut cara asal dalam perlaksanaannya bersebab keuzuran ataupun tempat, agama Islam yang terkenal dengan sifat belas kasihannya telah meraikan golongan ini dengan memberi mereka kelonggaran, keringanan dan cara tertentu buat mereka sehingga kesusahan yang dialami dapat diangkat dan dijauhkan. Golongan berkeuzuran ini pula hendaklah mengikuti keringanan yang telah dilakarkan oleh syarak dalam mendirikan sembahyang mereka dan tidak melakukannya mengikut kehendak mereka semata-mata. Namun, terdapat banyak versi-versi perlaksanaan sembahyang bagi mereka yang tidak mampu rukuk dan juga sujud dalam masyarakat Islam pada hari ini. Oleh yang demikian kajian ini bertujuaan melihat cara perlaksanaan sembahyang bagi golongan yang tidak mampu rukuk dan sujud sepertimana yang digariskan oleh syarak. Penulis akan menganalisa pendapat empat mazhab di dalam masalah ini kemudian membincangkannya dan memilih pendapat yang lebih berjaga-jaga dan mirip dengan cara asal perlaksanaan sembahayang. Hasil kajian mendapati bahawa cara yang dianjurkan syarak lebih memudahkan masyarakat dan sesuai untuk dilaksanakan dalam sembahyang berjamaah.

Author Biographies

Syed Muhammad Adib Termizi Ahmad Al Jafari, Ph.D Holder

Faculty of Syariah and Law, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia

Sharifah Nadirah Nasibah Ahmad Al Jafari, Ph.D Student

Faculty of Syariah and Law, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia

Published
2019-09-27
How to Cite
Ahmad Al Jafari, S. M. A. T., & Ahmad Al Jafari, S. N. N. (2019). Method Of Prostrate For Those Who Are Unable To Perform It Due To Ill-Health Based According To Four School Of Fiqh. Al-Qanatir: International Journal of Islamic Studies, 16(1), 14-28. Retrieved from http://al-qanatir.com/index.php/qanatir/article/view/200