AL-TABARIYY’S TOUGHT IN SOME DEEDS OF ALLAH THROUGH HIS TAFSIR “JAMIC AL-BAYAN”

فكر الطبري في بعض أفعال الله الأزلية من خلال تفسيره "جامع البيان"

  • Abdul Karim Toure
  • Norhasnira Ibrahim
  • Muhammad Yusuf Ismail
  • Ahmad Kamel Muhammad
  • Rabiatul Adawiyah Muhammad
  • Norzulaili Muhammad Ghazali
Keywords: Deeds of Allah, predestinate, sectorial group.

Abstract

The aim of this study is to elucidate the thought of Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabariyy in some predestinate deeds of Allah through his book of tafsir “Jamic al-Bayan” and his argumentation with some Islamic sectorial group founded after the death of the Prophet Muhammas SAW who tried to illegitimate their ideas by misinterpetating some Quranic verses and the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad. Al-Tabariyy in his commentary of the concern verses, confronted these sectorial group with the teaching of Ahl Sunnah Wa al-Jamacah. Having based the study on an inductive method, the researchers elaborated the verses 6 of al-Fatihah, 125 of al-Ancam and 35 of Hud regarding some predestinate deeds of Allah. The researchers concluded that al-Tabariyy was somehow successful in his effort to protect the belief and doctrine of Ahl Sunnah Wa al-Jamacah and tried by all means in avoiding having some common ground with these sectorial group, in the end his message was clear which is to not let the ground smooth fot these sectorial group to spread their ideas regarding some predestinate deeds of Allah by misinterpetating Quranic verses.

 

Keywords: Deeds of Allah, predestinate, sectorial group.

تهدف هذه الدِّراسة إلى إبراز فكر محمَّد بن جرير الطبري في بعض أفعال الله الأزلية مِن خلال تفسيره جامع البيان ومناقشته لبعض الفِرق والمذاهب الإسلامية التي تولّدت بعد عصر التنـزيل والتي حاولت أن تجد لأفكارها واتجاهاتها مستَنداً شرعياً، فما كان ثمة مستَند يذعن له الجميع في ظنِّهم إلا المصدرين الأساسيَّيْن في الإسلام؛ الكتاب والسُّنة، فتصدَّى لهم ابن جري الطبرير الذي عاصر هذه الفِرق والمذاهب في نشوئها في محاولاتهم لإخضاع النُّصوص لمعتقداتهم المستحدثة التي ذهبوا إليها. وقد اعتمد الباحثون في دراستهم المنهج الاستقرائي في تحليل أفكار الطبري التي ذكرها مِن خلال تفسيره للآيات 6 مِن الفاتحة و125 مِن الأنعام و35 مِن هود المتعلِّقة ببعض أفعال الله الأزلية. ومِن أهم النتائج التي خلصت إليها الدراسة، أنَّ الطبري وُفِّق في بعض شيئ في حملته على هذه الفرق والأحزاب، بَيْدَ أنَّ غيرته على الدين ودفاعه عن عقيدة السَّلف حملته أحياناً على التكلُّف فراراً مِن أن يوافق هذه الفرق قريباً أو بعيداً في بعض ما ذهبوا إليه. ولكن في النهاية كانت رسالته واضحة، وهي أن لا يترك الميدان خالياً لهذه الفرق والأحزاب لتبث أفكارها في حق الله تعالى في بعض صفاته وأسمائه من خلال تأويلاتهم لنصوص القرآن الكريم.

 

كلمات البحث: أفعال الله، الأزلية، الفِرق.

Author Biographies

Abdul Karim Toure

Senior Lecturer in Faculty of al-Quran and Sunnah, Islamic Science University of Malaysia

Norhasnira Ibrahim

Senior Lecturer in Faculty of al-Quran and Sunnah, Islamic Science University of Malaysia

Muhammad Yusuf Ismail

Senior Lecturer in Faculty of al-Quran and Sunnah, Islamic Science University of Malaysia

Ahmad Kamel Muhammad

Senior Lecturer in Faculty of al-Quran and Sunnah, Islamic Science University of Malaysia

Rabiatul Adawiyah Muhammad

Senior Lecturer in Faculty of al-Quran and Sunnah, Islamic Science University of Malaysia

Norzulaili Muhammad Ghazali

Senior Lecturer in Faculty of al-Quran and Sunnah, Islamic Science University of Malaysia

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Published
2018-07-02
How to Cite
Toure, A. K., Ibrahim, N., Ismail, M. Y., Muhammad, A. K., Muhammad, R. A., & Muhammad Ghazali, N. (2018). AL-TABARIYY’S TOUGHT IN SOME DEEDS OF ALLAH THROUGH HIS TAFSIR “JAMIC AL-BAYAN”. Al-Qanatir: International Journal of Islamic Studies, 4(1), 24-37. Retrieved from http://al-qanatir.com/index.php/qanatir/article/view/35